Overblog Follow this blog
Edit post Administration Create my blog
October 30 2010 7 30 /10 /October /2010 18:09

Architecture FAQ for Localization and Globalization Part 2
Get Interview tutorials and videos on .NET 3.5, 4.0, Pessimistic, Optimistic, Locking, SQL Server, CAS, Security, WCF, SharePoint, Azure, OOPS and many more on www.questpond.com

 


Introduction

(B) What are satellite assemblies?

(A) How do we generate Satellite assemblies?

(A) What is AL.EXE and RESGEN.EXE?

(I) What is the use of resource manager class?

(A) What precautions do we need to take while deploying satellite assemblies?

(A) Can you explain the fundamentals of “GetGlobalResourceObject” and “GetLocalResourceObject” functions?

(A) Can we sign a satellite assembly?

(I) Can you explain collation sequence in sql server?

(A)How do we define collation sequence for database and tables?

(A)Can we change the order in a select query with a specified collation sequence?

(A) Can you list best practices for globalization and localization?

References


Other Interview question PDF's

Introduction

You can see the part 1 of the article at:- LocalizationGlobalizPart1.aspx   

When we see around, architectures mainly discuss about loose coupling , scalability , performance etc etc. Many architecture forget one of the important aspects in software is making application globalized. Depending on project some application would not really want to have multi-language based websites , but i am sure many will. So in this article we will go through a series of FAQ which will give you a quick start on making application multi-language based.

Lately i have been writing and recording videos heavily on design patterns , UML and many architectural stuff you can visit http://www.questpond.com for design pattern and UML videos.


You can download by architecture interview question book from

http://www.questpond.com/softArchi.zip.zip 


(B) What are satellite assemblies?

(A) How do we generate Satellite assemblies?


(A) What is AL.EXE and RESGEN.EXE?


In the previous question, you have seen how we can use resource files to store data according to the localized languages. However, when you actually go for deployment you will not like to also install the “resx” or “txt” files. It is definitely not a good deployment practice to install data, which can be easily modified. In short some how we should install this in a binary format so that no end user can change it. That is why Microsoft introduced satellite assemblies.
Satellite assemblies are assemblies, which do not contain source code. They only contain resource files. You can create a satellite assembly using rsgen.exe and al.exe. They are in binary DLL format, which makes it easier to ship it during deployment. So finally, during deployment you do not need to ship the resx files but only the compiled satellite DLL.

Figure 14.15: - resgen.exe and al.exe in action


The above diagram will give you a complete picture of how to generate Satellite assembly. You can see from the above figure we need two exe resgen.exe and al.exe. Once you made your resx file or text file, you should first convert in to a “.resource” files. This is done by using the resgen.exe. Below is the command snippet for resgen.exe where LoginScreen.aspx.el.resx is the resx file and output is Greek. Resources file. If you do not provide the output file name it will generate “LoginScreen.resources”.

Resgen LoginScreen.aspx.el.resx Greek.Resources

You can also generate resx files from txt file using resgen.exe below is the code snippet for the same:-

Resgen MyLanguage.txt MyLanguage.resx

The above command snippet will generate a MyLanguage.resx using MyLanguag.txt file. You can make a DLL using resource files and not resx so you should make this conversion.
Now once the resource file is generated its time make the compiled assembly of the same so that it can be shipped during deployment. This is accomplished by using the assembly linker tool al.exe provided by Microsoft. Below is the command code snippet for the same.

al.exe /out: el.dll /c: de /embed: greek.resources

In the /out switch you need to provide the output DLL name. /c you need to specify the culture of the resource file. /embed you need to specify all the resources which are present in the resource file. As said previously other than strings you can also put image files like GIF, BMP etc. So those physical resources you can specify in the /embed switch. You can specify more than one resource use “,” as a separator to specify more than one resource files.

(I) What is the use of resource manager class?


Resource Manager Class helps us to read the resource files and get the values using key.
First, you need to create the object of resource manager. You need to specify the resource name and the assembly in the constructor.

privateResourceManagerobjResourceManager = new ResourceManager("Globalization.resource",System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly());

Once the resource manager is populated with details, you can then use the Get String function to get by key. For instance in the below code snippet we are using the “cmdAddNew” key to get the value for button “cmdAddNew”.

cmdAddNew.Text = objResourceManager.GetString("cmdAddNew");

(A) What precautions do we need to take while deploying satellite assemblies?


When we deploy the assembly, the folder structure has to very organized. Below table shows how the folder structure should be organized. Main Folder is the main application folder. All satellite assemblies should be deployed in the Main application folder with in there own respective folder. The respective folder is denoted by the culture code.

Figure 14.16: - Satellite Assembly folder structure


You can see from the above figure Hindi satellite assembly is deployed in hi folder, Greek satellite assembly is deployed in el folder and so on. If the program does not find resource file for a culture it uses the invariant culture satellite assembly. The above folder structure is a strict requirement when we deploy the satellite assembly. Any mismatch in the folder structure will lead to in appropriate results.

(A) Can we get a strongly typed resource class rather than using resource manager?


In the previous question, we had seen how resource manager class could be used to read the string from the resource file. However, there has been considerable improvement in VS.Net 2005 for resource support. You no more need to load using resource manager class. However, Microsoft has still kept it for backward compatibility. You can now get strongly types classes in your VS.NET intelligence as shown in the figure below.

Figure 14.17: - Strongly typed resource class


All belong to Resources namespace. Let us do a small sample and see how the strongly typed classes work in VS.NET 2005 and the simplicity, which they bring while implementing globalization in projects. Below is the screen shot of the project? It is a simple login screen with user id and password text boxes. User has options to select the language. Currently only two languages are provided English and Greek. Depending on the languages selected, the user id and password label values will be displayed.

Figure 14.18: - Strongly typed project


Note: - In the globalization project you can get the project sample in “LoginScreenUsingStrongType.aspx”.


Below is the code snippet, which describes the various important sections of the code. First thing are the resource files. We have generated two resource files one for Greece with el and second is the general resource file which will be used when the regional code does not match.

 

 

Figure 14.19: - Walkthrough for using the resources namespace


There are three important steps in the code:-


• First is set the culture information for the current thread with the new culture info object. Structure has the language code, which is currently selected in the drop down.
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo (structure);

• We set the same culture to the Resource class.
Resources.Resource.Culture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;

• Now we are all set to use the value.
lblUserId.Text = Resources.Resource.lblUserIdResource1.ToString ();

blPassword.Text = Resources.Resource.lblPasswordResource1.ToString ();

Note: - You can get the same from globalization folder in “LoginScreenUsingStrongType.aspx”. Try to add a new language and most of the fundamentals will be clear.


(A) Can you explain the fundamentals of “GetGlobalResourceObject” and “GetLocalResourceObject” functions?


These two functions belong to the Http Context object. Using it you can get the object reference of the resource object. For instance you can see from the below code snippet we have reference to the Global resource object and we are trying to get the value for “lblUserIdresource1” key.

lblUserId.Text=HttpContext.GetGlobalResourceObject("Resource", "lblUserIdResource1").To String();
Note :- In the same globalization folder there is “LoginScreenUsingGetGlobal.aspx” which demonstrates how “GetGlobalResource” works.


One short note because “GetGlobalResourceObject” and “GetLocalResourceObject” operate from with in current HttpContext.It uses what the regional settings are sent from the browser end.

(A) Can we sign a satellite assembly?


Yes you can sign the satellite assembly using the /key file switch which takes “.snk” file as the input parameter.

al /res:MyLanguage.resources /c:de /keyfile:MyLang.snk out:MyLanguages.resources.dll
 

(I) Can you explain collation sequence in sql server?


First, let us define collation.
Collation sequences are set of rules, which determine how the data is sorted and compared. Sorting rules can be defined with options with case-sensitivity, accent marks, kana character types, and character width.

Case sensitivity

If A and a, B and b, etc. are treated in the same way then it is case-insensitive. A computer treats A and a differently because it uses ASCII code to differentiate the input. The ASCII value of A is 65, while a is 97. The ASCII value of B is 66 and b is 98.

Accent sensitivity

If a and á, o and ó are treated in the same way, then it is accent-insensitive. A computer treats a and á differently because it uses ASCII code for differentiating the input. The ASCII value of a is 97 and áis 225. The ASCII value of o is 111 and ó is 243.
Kana Sensitivity
When Japanese kana characters Hiragana and Katakana are treated differently, it is called Kana sensitive.

Width sensitivity

When a single-byte character (half-width) and the same character when represented as a double-byte character (full-width) are treated differently then it is width sensitive.

(A)How do we define collation sequence for database and tables?


You can create a database with language specific collation sequence. For instance in the below create statement tblCustomer is created by Latin language collation sequence.

Create database tblCustomer collate Latin1_General_BIN

You can also create tables with particular collation sequence. Below is the create table syntax for the same.

Create table tblCustomer
(
[CustomerCode] char(10) COLLATE Albanian_CI_AI_KS_WS NULL,
[EntryDate] [char] (8) COLLATE Korean_Wansung_Unicode_CS_AS_KS NOT NULL ,
[CustAbbrev] [char] (2) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL
)


(A)Can we change the order in a select query with a specified collation sequence?


Yes we can specify a collate sequence in the order by clause. That will change the sort according to the collation defined in the order by claused.


ORDER BY
{
order_by_expression
[ COLLATE collation_name ]
[ ASC | DESC ]
} [ ,...n ] ]



(A) Can you list best practices for globalization and localization?


Below are the best practices while developing international language support software:-
• Do not hardcode strings or user interface resources.
• Make sure your application depends on Unicode.
• Whenever you read or write data from various encoding make, sure you use the System. Text namespace. Many programmers assume ASCII data.
• While testing test it with actual international data and environments.
• Whenever we manipulate data, for instance numbers, dates or currency make sure that you are using culture-aware classes defined in System. Globalization namespace. Below is the table, which specifies in more detail about the functionality and the classes to be used to achieve the same.

Figure 14.20: - Functionality and classes used


• If a security decision is based on the result of a string comparison or case change operation, perform a culture-insensitive operation by explicitly specifying the CultureInfo.InvariantCulture property. This practice ensures that the result is not affected by the value of CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.
• Move all your localizable resources to separate DLL’s.
• Avoid using images and icons that contain text in your application. They are expensive to localize.
• Allow plenty of room for the length of strings to expand in the user interface. In some languages, phrases can require 50-75 percent more space.
• Use the System.Resources.ResourceManager class to retrieve resources based on culture.
• Explicitly set the CurrentUICulture and Current Culture properties in your application. Do not rely on defaults.
• Be aware that you can specify the following three types of encodings in ASP.NET:
• Request Encoding specifies the encoding received from the client's browser.
• Response Encoding specifies the encoding to send to the client browser. In most situations, this should be the same as request Encoding.
• File Encoding specifies the default encoding for .aspx, .asmx, and .asax file parsing.

(A) Why is the culture set to the current thread?


First, let me explain this question. If you look at the code snippet of how to set the culture info.

Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo(strCulture);
It uses the current thread to set it. What does that mean? Let us drill down a bit, of how IIS handles request to understand this concept. When any user requests a resource from IIS like an ASPX page or any other resource. IIS services that request in his own thread. That means if 100 users have requested some resource from IIS he will serve every request in its own thread. In short, IIS will spawn 100 threads to service the 100 request. It is very much practically possible that you can have different locale in different threads. Therefore, when we set a culture we cannotset it for the whole application, as it will affect all the requests. So when we set a culture we set it to a particular thread rather to the whole application.

 

Other Interview question PDF's

.NET Interview Question PDF

Project Management interview questions

 Download Networking Interview Questions

 Download Software Testing Interview Questions

 Download Sql Server Interview Questions

 Download C# and ASP .Net Projects

 Download Java Interview Questions

 Download Software Architecture Interview Questions

 

 

Share this post

Repost 0
Published by questpond.over-blog.com
write a comment

comments

Important .NET and C# interview questions and answers

.Net interview questions: - Explain why it is not preferred to use finalize for clean up?

.Net interview questions: - Show the five levels in CMMI?

.NET interview questions and answers: – Which is the best place to store connection string in .NET projects?

C# interview questions and answers: – Explain the use of Icomparable in c#?

C# interview questions: - How can we check which rows have changed since dataset was loaded?

C# interview questions and answers: - Can you write a simple c# code to display Fibonacci series?

.NET interview questions and answers: - What is difference betweenIcomparable VS Icomparer ?

C# and .NET interview question: -What is short circuiting in C#?

C# and .NET interview question: - What are symmetric and asymmetric algorithms?

Important c# and .NET interview question on object pooling and Gridview events?

.NETinterview questions and answers: – Will the finally run in this code?

How to prepare for c# and .NETinterviews?

C# and .NET Interview questions: - What is Thread.Join () in threading?

.NET Interview questions and answers: -What is serialization and deserialization in .NET?

C# and .NET interview question: - What is hashing?

c# and .NET interview question:- what connects dataset and data source ?

.Net interview questions and answers: - What is the difference between “Web.config” and “Machine.Config”?

.NET interview questions and answers: - What is TPL?

.NET Interview questions and answers: -What are different access modifiers?

.NET and c# Interview Question and answers: – If we want to update interface with new methods, what is the best practice?

 MVC ( Model view controller) interview questions and answers      

ASP.NET Application and Page Life Cycle 

12 Important FAQ’s on VSTS Testing (Unit testing, load testing, automated testing, database testing and code coverage) 

 6 important use of Partial/Mock testing

6 important uses of Delegates and Events

7 Simple Steps to Run Your First Azure Blob Program

8 Steps to Create Workflows using SharePoint Designer

Azure FAQ Part 1

C# Code Reviews using StyleCop – Detailed Article

Four real world uses of Partial classes and Partial methods

SharePoint Quick Start FAQ Part 1

SharePoint Quick Start FAQ Part 6 – Workflows, Workflows and Workflows

SharePoint Workflow Basics

 

 

 

 

MVC Interview questions videos

Viewdata,viewbag,tempdata

 

MVC asynch controllers

What is View Model in ASP.NET MVC?



ADO.NET interview questions videos



Explain ADO.NET Connection pooling

 

 

Windows Phone Application Questions Videos

 

How to create a simple windows phone application ?

 

 

MVC Interview questions and answers Article

 

(Model view controller)MVC Interview questions and answers

MVC interview questions with answers video: – What is Web API how to implement the same?

ASP.Net MVC  4 interview questions with answers: - What is Bundling and minification in Model view controller ?

MVC interview questions with answers :- Is it possible to return values instead of Actionresults?

MVC interview questions with answers :- What are the actionresults available in MVC?

MVC interview questions with answers:-Html.PartialvsHtml.RenderPartialvsHtml.RenderPage in MVC

MVC ASP.NET INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VIEWSTATE VS VIEWDATA ?

MVC vs ASP.NET ( MVC Interview question with answers )?

How can we detect that a MVC controller is called by POST or GET ? ( ASP.NET MVC Interview questions with answers)

What are the different ways by which you will get Form Data in controller? ( MVC Interview questions with answers)

What is the difference between Presenter and Controller in MVC?(MVC interview questions with answers)

Learn MVC (Model view controller) Step by Step in 7 days – Day 4

MVC Interview questions and answers PDF

MVC interview questions with answers

ActionResult vs. View() vs. ViewResult :- MVC interview questions with answers

Explain Areas in MVC?( MVC interview questions with answers)

Can you explain the purpose of ViewModel in MVC?( ASP.NET MVC Interview questions with answers)

ASP.NET MVC interview questions: - What are Filters in MVC?

What are areas in MVC?( MVC Interview questions with answers)

Explain the concept of View Model in MVC?

Exception Handling in MVC

Explain MVC application life cycle?


100 MVC Interview question PDF download released , Enjoy


Learn Microsoft Business intelligence step by step – Day 1


Can you create TempBag just like ViewBag?( MVC Interview questions)


MVC Unit Testing Unleashed

MVC and .NET learning tutorials for components of MVC and how do you perform unit testing in MVC?

Explain MVC model binders ? ( ASP.NET MVC interview questions)

Explain the difference between layout and master pages ? (MVC Razor interview questions)

Advantages of ViewModel in MVC(Model View Controller)

Difference Between ViewResult() and ActionResult() in MVC ?

What is the difference between each version of MVC 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6? (MVC Interview Questions)

Learn ASP.NET MVC 5 Step by Step in 30 days – Day 1

Can we overload MVC controller action methods ? (MVC Polymorphism) 

Can we overload Actions / Controllers in MVC? (MVC Interview questions)

 


WCF Interview questions videos

 

overloading in WCF

WCF fault exceptions ?

 

 

 

 

WPF Interview question with answers videos

 

Why WPF and compare WPF with Winforms ?

 

 

C# Interview Questions & Answers Article

 

12 Important FAQ’s on VSTS Testing (Unit testing, load testing, automated testing, database testing and code coverage)

6 important use of Partial/Mock testing

6 important uses of Delegates and Events

7 Simple Steps to Run Your First Azure Blob Program

8 Steps to Create Workflows using SharePoint Designer

Azure FAQ Part 1

C# Code Reviews using StyleCop – Detailed Article

Four real world uses of Partial classes and Partial methods

SharePoint Quick Start FAQ Part 1

SharePoint Quick Start FAQ Part 6 – Workflows, Workflows and Workflows

SharePoint Workflow Basics

C# (Csharp) interview questions and answers: – What are indexers in .NET?

C# OOP interview questions and answers: - I do not want to implement all the interface methods?

C# design pattern (UNIT of Work Design Pattern)

C# design pattern interview questions – What is Dependency injection ?

C# interview questions and answers: - What is the difference between “==” and .Equals()?

How questions are asked in c# interviews?

C# design pattern interview question: - DI vs IOC

8 important C# Interview questions on IL code, JIT, CLR, CTS, CLS and CAS

What is the difference between Reflection and Dynamic in C#?

C# and .NET interview question: – When should we use Structure as compared to classes
?

C# REST interview questions with answers asked in Polaris Hydrebad

c# threading interview questions :- Parallel.ForEach vs Task.Factory.StartNew

C# circular dependency interview questions with answers.

C# Design pattern interview questions with answers: - How Singleton is different from Static class?

C# and .NET interview questions with answers: - How can we mark a method as deprecated?

C# INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS: - HOW TO ASSIGN MULTILINE STRING IN VISUAL STUDIO?

What is cyclomatic complexity (C# testing interview questions with answers)?

Define code coverage? (C# unit testing interview questions with answers)

Can you talk about Abstraction and Encapsulation in detail ? ( .NET, c# and OOP interview questions with answers )

Can you explain a practical example of virtual and Override? ( C# OOP interview questions with answers )

Can you explain class and object in real time scenario? ( C# and .NET OOP Interview questions with answers)

What is code digger ? ( C# visual studio interview questions with answers)

C# Lazy loading interview questions with answers

What is eager loading in c# ( C# eager loading interview questions with answers)?

Can you explain the term concurrency? (C# Interview questions with answers)

10 important C# Constructor and destructor interview questions

3 important c# Partial class interview questions with answers

Change Functionality without changing function( C# Architecture interview question with answers)?

What is ENUM and what are the benefits of using it (ENUM C# Interview Question 1)?

How can we loop through ENUM values( C# ENUM Interview questions with answers)?

What is the difference between Connection Timeout and Command Timeout?( C# ADO.NET Interview questions with answers)

How you differentiate Shadowing with Overriding? (C# overriding interview questions)

C# date and time interview question with answers

Explain the difference between early binding and late binding? ( C# interview questions with answers)

How can we restrict types in generics ?( C# generic interview questions)

What are generics, Delegates and Generic delegates ( C# interview questions)?

How can we convert JSON string in to c# object?(  C# JSON interview questions)

C# and .NET interview questions asked in TCSwalkin.

C# and .NET interview questions on Coalescing operator.

String vs string ( C# interview questions with answers)

Explain SOLID principles (C# Architecture interview questions)?

C# and .NET interview questions around Read only and Constant

C# Architecture interview questions with answers

C# Mock testing interview questions and answers: – What is Mock testing and how can we implement Mocking?

Write a simple regex for email validation? (C# interview questions with answers)


C#.NET interview questions: - What is the use of “Yield” keyword? Mention atleast one practical scenario where it can be used?

C#.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between Build Vs Rebuild Vs Clean solution menu? What is the difference “Rebuild” and if you do “Clean” + “Build”?

C# and .NET interview questions around JIT and NGEN


What is the difference between throw vs throw ex ?( C# Interview questions with answers)

C#/.NET interview questions: - What are the steps included to get a collection of records from database in C#?


Learn C# in Hindi video tutorials


QuestPond’s real life examples on Extension methods and nullable types in C#.NET


Why Microsoft has partial classes and Java does not?

 

 

 

WCF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ARTICLE

 

 

WCF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS: - WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SERVICE ENDPOINT AND CLIENT ENDPOINT

 

WCF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS: - WCF REST VS. WEB API

 

WCF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- CAN WE HAVE METHOD OVERLOADING WHILE DEFINING WCF SERVICE OPERATIONS ?

 

WCF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- WHAT IS DATACONTRACTSERIALIZER AND HOW IT’S DIFFERENT FROM XMLSERIALIZER 

What is SOA and what is WCF? ( WCF interview questions with answers)

Six important WCF interview questions with answers

6 important WCF Instancing interview questions with answers

WCF Service metadata interview questions with answers

7 WCF SOA interview questions with answers

What are the various ways of consuming WCF services?(WCF C# interview questions with answers)

What is the difference between Serialization and Encoding in WCF?( WCF interview questions with answers)

Why returning dataset or data table from WCF service is not a good practice?(WCF service interview questions with answers)

WCF transaction interview questions: - How transaction works in WCF?

WCF Transaction interview questions.

.NET WCF(Windows Communication Foundation) interview questions: - Distinguish between Web Services and Remoting | WCF and Web services

WCF interview questions: - What exactly do you mean by Single in WCF instancing? How to set and what is by default set value of instance context mode?

Explain WCF Duplex services? ( WCF Interview questions)

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on learning WCF

WCF Interview Questions: - What are the different ways of doing WCF concurrency and WCF instancing?

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on learning WCF (Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on learning WCF (Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on WCF(Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on learning WCF (Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on learning data contract serializer and XML serializer

QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on learning serialization events

QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on learning WCF(Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on WCF(Windows Communication Foundation)


QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on WCF(Windows Communication Foundation)

QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on WCF (Windows Communication Foundation)


QuestPond’s Interview Questions & Answers on WCF (Windows Communication Foundation)

 

 

 

WPF Interview Questions And Answers Article

 

 

6 IMPORTANT WPF AND SILVERLIGHT MULTI-THREADING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS

 

C# WPF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS::- WHAT ARE DEPENDENCY PROPERTIES ?

 

WPF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS: – WHAT ARE WPF CONVERTERS?

 

WPF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ON EVENTS (TUNNELING, BUBBLING AND DIRECT)

 

What are the advantages of using WPF ( WPF interview questions with answers)?

 

Explain WPF bindings?( .Net WPF Binding interview questions)

 

WPF Interview questions with answers :-What is XAML in WPF and why do we need it?

 

What are the different kinds of controls in WPF?(C# WPF Interview questions with answers)

 

Can you explain the complete WPF object hierarchy?(WPF Interview questions with answers)

How does “UpdateSourceTrigger” affect bindings?( C# WPF interview questions with answers)

WPF Interview questions :- Which are the different namespaces and classes in WPF ?

What are resources in WPF? (C# WPF Interview questions with answers)

Explain multi binding and multivalue converters? (.NET WPF  Interview questions with answers)

Explain the difference between static and dynamicresource? (.NET WPF interview questions)

18 important WPF interview questions asked in WPF interviews.

.NET WPF(Windows Presentation Foundation) interview questions: - What is WPF? What are the advantages of WPF over Winforms?

Explain WPF relative binding / relative resource? (.NET WPF Interview questions with answers)

Explain Ancestor relative source binding in WPF ? ( WPF Interview questions with answers)

Explain the need of binding and commands?(WPF Interview questions)

Can you explain WPF command with an example? ( WPF Interview questions with answers)

Explain the need of “INotifyPropertyChanged” interface? ( C# WPF Interview questions with answers)

What is MVVM? (WPF MVVM Interview questions)

What is the importance of command and bindings in MVVM pattern? ( WPF MVVM Interview questions)

What is the difference between MVVM and 3 layer architecture? ( WPF  MVVM Interview questions with answers)

Explain delegate command? (WPF MVVM interview questions)

WPF Interview questions with answers

Explain WPF styles?(C# WPF Interview questions with answers)

Explain Multitrigger concept in WPF?( C# WPF Interview questions with answers)

How are WPF observable collections different from simple .NET collections? (.NET WPF Interview questions)

What is the difference between control templates and data templates? ( .NET WPF Interview questions)

What are various ways of doing alignment in WPF?( WPF Interview questions with answers)

 

Algorithm Interview Questions


Algorithm interview questions and answers: – Can you write code for bubble sort algorithm?

Algorithm interview questions and answers: – What is inserted sort algorithm?

SQL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ARTICLE

 

SQL Server Interview Questions & Answers Article

SQL Server interview questions and answers: - What is HID data type in SQL Server ?

SQL Server interview questions with answers: – How to get the top record without using max, top and order by keyword?

SQL Server interview questions with answers :- If you wish to store financial values which SQL Server data type is more suitable ?

SQL Server interview questions and answers: – What is the difference between Candidate Key, Primary Key, and Alternate Key

SQL Server interview questions with answers :- What are Indexes in Sql Server?

How to sort interactively using SSRS? (SQL Server reporting services interview questions)

How to do conditional formatting in SSRS? (SQL Server reporting services interview questions with answers)

WHAT IS NORMALIZATION AND EXPLAIN 1NF 2NF AND 3NF IN SIMPLE WORDS? SQL SERVER INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS

What is the difference between Stored Procedures and Function (SQL Server interview question with answers)?

 

When you will use inner join and when you will use outer join? SQL Server interview questions with answers

 

Do you know anything about Temporary procedures in SQL?( SQL Server interview questions with answers)

 

4 SQL Server interview questions with answers on TempTb

 

Are full outer join and Cross join are same? ( SQL Server interview questions with answers)

 

Delete duplicate records: - SQL Server interview questions with answers

 

4 most asked  SQL queries during SQL Serverinterview’s

 

How Temporary tables are different from normal tables and what are its types ?( SQL Server interview questions with answers)

 

SQL Server interview Questions on JOIN’s

 

SQL Server interview questions: - How can you increase SQL performance?

 

SQL Server interview questions: - What problem you face if locking is not implemented?

 

Can we insert NULL’s in to UNIQUE key ? ( SQL Server  interview questions with answers)

 

Explain Normalization?(SQL Server Interview questions with answers)

Temp variablesVS Temp tables(SQL Server interview questions)

 


 




.NET INTERVIEW QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ARTICLE

 

.NET interview questions and answers: - How to reverse a string in .NET ( DotNet)?

.NET interview questions and answers: - What is the use of Click Once?

.NET interview questions and answers: - Will the below codes create new instances?

C# and .NET interview questions with answers – What is Nuget?

Dependency injection (DI) VS Inversion of Control (IOC)

.NET interview questions with answers: - What is the difference between Reflection and Dynamic?

Five Great .NET Framework 4.5 Features

ASP.NET MVC 4 interview questions with answers: - What is the use of “AllowHTML” and “ValidateInput” attributes?

.NET interview questions 6th edition (Sixth edition) - By Shivprasad Koirala

.NET interview questions with answers: – Can we use events without delegates ?

.Net Interview question Edition 6 is available now.

.NET interview questions with answers: – What’s the difference between catch with parameter and catch without parameter?

.NET interview questions : - What is the use and difference between “IS” and “AS” keyword?

.NET interview questions with answers: - Build solution VS Rebuild solution VS Clean solution

HTML 5 interview questions with answers for LocalStorage and SessionStorage

.NET 4.0 interview questions with answers: – What are code contracts?

What are portable class libraries? ( .NET interview questions with answers)

How to loop through ENUM using C# (.NET interview questions with answers)?

What are transactions in C#? (.NET interview questions with answers)

What are ACID Properties( .NET Interview questions with answers)?

.NET interview questions: – What are the areas that need to be concentrated for senior(9+ years experience)persons in .NET technologies?

.NET interview questions: - Explain real time scenarios in Factory Pattern, Abstract Pattern, Singleton, WCF and REST services

What is the difference between IS A and Can a Relationship?( .NET Interview questions with answers)

What is the use of ENUM Flags(.NET Enum Interview question 2)?

What is the difference between .Net,C#, Asp.net, Asp.net Web Forms and Asp.net MVC and MVC?( C# and ASP.NET Interview questions)

ADO.NET interview questions: - Explain in detail the fundamental of connection pooling?

.NET interview questions: – Can you explain generics in .NET?

What are Properties and methods ? ( .NET OOP Interview questions with answers)

What’s the first step you take for implementing any of Design Pattern?( .NET  Design pattern interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What are different types of JIT?

ADO.NET Interview Question: - What are the major differences between classic ADO and ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: – What is the difference between Reflection and Dynamic?

What is the Use of interfaces?( .NET Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What role did you play in your project and company?

Visual studio 2012 Fakes

.NET interview questions: - So how can we clean unmanaged objects and also maintain performance?

ADO.NET Interview Questions: - What are basic methods of Data adapter?

.NET interview questions: - What are system level exceptions and application level exceptions?

.NET interview questions: - What is UML and which are the important diagrams?

.NET interview questions: - What is time out support in regex (regular expression)?

.NET interview questions: - How can we improve performance of .NET?

.NET interview questions: - Can you explain the concept of “Short Circuiting”?

.NET interview questions: - Can you explain Forms authentication in detail?

What is the difference between VAR and Dynamic keyword? ( .NET Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What are similarities and difference between Class and structure?

Can you compare String.IsNullOrEmpty vs String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace ? ( .Net Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - Distinguish between Reflection and Dynamic?

.NET interview questions: - In which scenarios we can use serialization and when to use what binary serialization or XML serialization?

.NET interview questions: - Are there any readymade objects in .NET by which we can implement Lazy loading?

.NET interview questions: - What are different access modifiers?

ADO.NET interview questions: - Explain in detail the fundamental of connection pooling how to enable and disable connection pooling?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What is the namespace in which .NET has the data functionality class?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What are the different components in ADO.NET?

ADO.NET interview questions: - Show difference between “Optimistic” and “Pessimistic” locking and how many ways are there to implement optimistic locking in ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: - Does code contract only do dynamic checks?

ADO.NET interview questions: - How can we fire a simple SQL Statement using ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: - What basic steps are needed to display a simple report in crystal?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What are basic methods of Data adapter and mention the use of data adapter?

.NET interview questions: - What is UML? How many types of diagrams are there in UML?

.Net Interview Questions - What is MVC, MVP and MVVM pattern?

.NET interview questions: - How can you define a property read only for external world and writable in the same assembly?

Explain the implicit and explicit conversion of data types with examples?( .NET interview questions on data type)

.NET interview questions: - What is Reflection its implementation and practical uses?

What is downcasting and upcasting? (.NET interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - How to decide on the design consideration to take a Data grid, data list or repeater?

.NET interview questions: - If we want to update interface with new methods, what is the best practice?

.NET interview questions: - How does selection sort algorithm works?

XML(.NET) interview questions: - What is XML?

.NET Interview questions: - If a validation is very complex what will you do?

.NET interview questions: - How can we stop the class from further inheriting?

XML (.NET) Interview questions :- Explain simple Walk through of XmlReader.

.NET interview questions : - How can we improve performance of .NET and show the difference between .NET 1.X, 2.0, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0?

How to convert string to ENUM value ?( .NET interview questions with answers)

.NET architecture interview questions series: - What is mean by modeling language?

.NET architecture interview questions : - What are benefits and Limitation of using Viewstate, hidden frames and Cookies?

.NET interview questions: - What is GAC (Global Assembly Cache)?

.NET interview questions: - Explain Nuget?

.NET Testing interview questions: - What is the difference between Unit testing, Assembly testing and Regression testing?


.NET interview questions: - What is Code Access Security (CAS) and how does it work? Is CAS supported in .NET 4.0?


.NET interview questions: - What are the advantages /disadvantages of lazy loading?


.NET interview questions: - What is the use of DEBUG directive?


.NET testing interview questions: - What is Mock testing and how to implement it?


.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between DEBUG and Release?


.NET testing interview questions: - How can we UNIT test private methods using VSTS? Is it good to practice to UNIT test Private methods?


Explain 3 layer architecture ( .NET Interview questions)?


.NET interview questions : - What is a delegate and how can we create a delegate? What is a multicast delegate?


ADO.NET interview questions: - How to add/remove row is in “Data Table” object of “Dataset”? How to load multiple tables in a Dataset & adding relation between tables in a Dataset?


What is the difference between Array, ArrayList and List?( .Net Interview questions)

.NET interview questions: - How to implement DTC in .NET?
.NET interview questions: - What is an Interface and what are abstract classes

.NET interview questions: - Interface vs. abstract class

.NET interview questions: - How to implement practically Lazy loading in .NET?


.NET interview questions: - How can we handle exceptions in .NET? What if we do not catch the exception?

.NET interview questions based on Projects.


.NET interview questions: - What is shadowing? What is the difference between Shadowing and Overriding?

.NET interview questions: - All about Design Patterns in .NET


.NET interview questions: - How can we improve performance of .NET/ASP.NET/SQL Server?

.NET interview questions: - What benefits does sealed keyword provide?


.NET Architecture UML interview question


.NET interview questions: - How to maintain performance and can clean unmanaged objects?


.NET interview questions: - Explain ENUM and its benefits? What is the use of Flagsin ENUM?

.NET interview questions: - How to create a windows service using .NET?

.NET interview questions: - Explain in details about Indexer and can we have static indexer in C#?

.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between arraylist and list? Are Arraylist faster or Arrays?

.NET interview questions: - What is Native Image Generator (Ngen.exe)? Does NGEN.EXE always improve performance?

.NET OOPS interview questions: - What is OOP? What are different properties provided by Object-oriented systems?

.NET OOPS interview questions: - How abstract with only abstract method is it different from interfaces? Also mention best practice to update interface with new methods?

.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between delegate and events? Can we have return type, access modifiers and shared events?

.NET interview questions: - What is Manifest? Where is the version information stored of an assembly? Is versioning applicable to private assemblies?

.NET Generics interview questions: - Explain Generics and concept of Generic Collection in .NET?

How to learn .NET: - In parent-child relationship which constructor will fire first and in which instances you will declare a constructor private?

Basics of .NET and learning tutorials on CTS and CLS


Online resource to learn .NET on Reflection and Dynamic

Online guide to learn .NET for Object initializer in C#?

QuestPond for Freshers on IL code, JIT, CLR, CTS, CLS and CAS

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on AJAX and how does it help?



ASP.NET Interview Questions & Answers Article










MVC Interview Questions And Answers Article

 

(MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER)MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS VIDEO: – WHAT IS WEB API HOW TO IMPLEMENT THE SAME?

 

ASP.NET MVC  4 INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS: - WHAT IS BUNDLING AND MINIFICATION IN MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER ?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- IS IT POSSIBLE TO RETURN VALUES INSTEAD OF ACTIONRESULTS?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- WHAT ARE THE ACTIONRESULTS AVAILABLE IN MVC?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS:-HTML.PARTIALVSHTML.RENDERPARTIALVSHTML.RENDERPAGE IN MVC

MVC VS ASP.NET ( MVC INTERVIEW QUESTION WITH ANSWERS )?

 

HOW CAN WE DETECT THAT A MVC CONTROLLER IS CALLED BY POST OR GET ? ( ASP.NET MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT WAYS BY WHICH YOU WILL GET FORM DATA IN CONTROLLER? ( MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRESENTER AND CONTROLLER IN MVC?(MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

LEARN MVC (MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER) STEP BY STEP IN 7 DAYS – DAY 4

 

MVC Interview questions and answers PDF

 

MVC interview questions with answers

 

ActionResult vs. View() vs. ViewResult :- MVC interview questions with answers

Explain Areas in MVC?( MVC interview questions with answers)

 

Can you explain the purpose of ViewModel in MVC?( ASP.NET MVC Interview questions with answers)

ASP.NET MVC interview questions: - What are Filters in MVC?

What are areas in MVC?( MVC Interview questions with answers)

Explain the concept of View Model in MVC? 

Exception Handling in MVC

Explain MVC application life cycle?

100 MVC Interview question PDF download released , Enjoy

How can we use two (multiple) models with a single view?(MVC Interview questions)

MVC HTML.Form vs Ajax.Form – MVC interview questions with answers

Learn Microsoft Business intelligence step by step – Day 1

Can you create TempBag just like ViewBag?( MVC Interview questions)

MVC Unit Testing Unleashed

MVC and .NET learning tutorials for components of MVC and how do you perform unit testing in MVC?

Explain MVC model binders ? ( ASP.NET MVC interview questions)

Explain the difference between layout and master pages ? (MVC Razor interview questions) 


ENTITY FRAMEWORK INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ARTICLE


Windows Workflow Foundation(WWF) interview questions with answers Article

XML Interview Questions With Answers Article


Explain XML,DTD and XSL?(XML interview questions with answers)

HTML 5 Interview questions With Answers Article

HTML 5 interview questions with answers for LocalStorage and SessionStorage

 

How is the page structure of HTML 5 different from HTML 4?( HTML 5 Interview questions with answers)

 

What is datalist in HTML 5 ( ASP.NET HTML interview questions)?

 

What are the different new form element types in HTML 5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

What is output element in HTML 5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

 

What is the difference between Canvas and SVG graphics?(ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions on SVG and Canvas

ASP.NET HTML5 interview questions with answers

What are web workers and why do we need them ?( ASP.NET HTML interview questions with answers)

 

Why do we need HTML 5 server-sent events? (ASP.NET HTML interview questions)

How can we add and remove data from local storage?(ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is local storage concept in HTML 5? ( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is the difference between local storage and cookies? ( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is WebSQL?( ASP.Net HTML 5 interview questions)

 

What is session storage and how can you create one?( ASP.Net HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

What is application cache in HTML5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

ASP.NET HTML 5 Application cache interview questions with answers

 

Explain the term cascading in style sheet ? ( CSS Interview questions)

What is difference between DIV vs SPAN in HTML ?( ASP.Net Interview questions)

HTML 5 Canvas Interview questions: - Canvas in HTML 5.

QuestPond’s interview questions and answers on HTML 5

 

Learn HTML 5 in 3 days – Day 1

 

 

 

Dotnetspider Questions And Answers Article

 

 

What is downcasting and upcasting ? ( .NET interview questions with videos)

 

What is the difference between String vs string? ( C# interview questions) ?

 

 

JAVASCRIPT INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS ARTICLE

 


3 IMPORTANT JAVASCRIPT IMPORTANT INTERVIEW QUESTION WITH ANSWERS