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November 9 2010 3 09 /11 /November /2010 16:09

 

 

Unified modeling language ( UML ) interview questions part 2

Get Interview tutorials and videos on .NET 3.5, 4.0, UML, SQL Server, CAS, Security, WCF, SharePoint, Azure, OOPS and many more on www.questpond.com

(I) Can you explain collaboration diagrams ?

(I) Can you explain activity diagrams?

(I) What is state chart diagram?

(I) Can you explain stereotypes in UML?

(I) Can you explain package diagrams?

(B) Can you explain component diagrams?

(B) Can you explain deployment diagrams?

(I) Can you explain how UML flows in actual project?


Introduction

In my previous section we had concentrated on design patterns which is one of the most important fundamentals for architecture interviews. In case you have missed it below are the link. One of the other areas other than design patterns which needs to be stronger for architects is putting appropriate UML diagrams in design document.

View Video of Design Patterns :- http://www.questpond.com/FreeDesign1.htm

Again i repeat do not think you get an architecture position by reading interview questions. But yes there should be some kind of reference which will help you quickly revise what are the definition. Just by reading these answers you get to a position where you are aware of the fundamentals. But if you have not really worked you will surely fail with scenario based questions. So use this as a quick revision rather than a shot cut.

To give you a practical understanding i have put all these design patterns in a video format and uploaded on http://www.questpond.com/FreeDesign1.htm . You can visit http://www.questpond.com and download the complete architecture interview questions PDF which covers SOA , UML , Design patterns , Togaf , OOPs etc.

You can download the software architecture interview questions PDF

Download Software Architecture Interview Questions

Happy job hunting......

 

 

(I) Can you explain collaboration diagrams ?


Collaboration diagrams

Collaboration diagrams provide the same information as shown by sequence diagram but they show it in a different way. In sequence diagram we pay more attention to the time and sequence order, but in collaboration diagram we pay more emphasis on the interaction messages between the objects.

Figure ‘Collaboration diagrams’ shows how a collaboration diagram looks like. Below are some points you can easily pick up looking at the figure:-
• Objects are represented in rectangle.
• Messages are represented by an arrow and sequence number. For instance in figure ‘collaboration diagrams’ we can see the ‘order product’ has a arrow which shows that the message is sent from the customer object to the product and ‘1’ represents that it’s the first messages.
• Conditional statements are denoted by square brackets ‘[‘.
• We can also group sequence numbers by grouping them using decimals. For instance ‘Pay by master’ and ‘Pay by Visa’ are all grouped in to message sequence number ‘3’ (‘Do payment’). So they are denoted by 3,3.1 and 3.2 respectively.

 

 

Figure: - Collaboration diagrams

 


You can represent the for each loop using the ‘for each’ keyword as shown in below figure ‘for each in collaboration’.

 

 

 

Figure: - For each in collaboration

 

 

Note: - Try drawing a collaboration diagram for the same voucher data entry screen. Sequence and collaboration diagrams are also called as iteraction diagrams.


(I) Can you explain activity diagrams?

Activity diagrams

Activity diagram are used to capture complicated process flows in a system. Below figure ‘Activity’ shows a simple activity diagram. Some of the points which you can easily note from the activity diagram figure are:-

• Start of an activity is denoted by a dark circle.
• End of an activity is denoted by a dark circle inside a white circle.
• Activities are denoted by simple oval rectangles.

 

 

Figure: - Activity


A decision in activity diagram is as shown figure ‘Decision in Activity Diagram’. Figure shows the condition in a ‘[‘ (Square bracket). So the first activity is ‘Check Age’, if the age is greater than 16 then we can go for ‘Adult Movie’ activity or else we need to execute the ‘Kids Movie’ activity.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Decision in Activity Diagram


There are situations in project where we need to execute two parallel activities in a project. A solid bold line represents from where the activities will split and execute in parallel and then again a solid line is where the parallel activities will meet. For instance in the below figure ‘Parallel Processing’ we can see how ‘Make lemon juice’ and ‘Make Ginger Juice’ activities are executed in parallel.

 

 


 

Figure: - Parallel Processing

 


In big and complex activity diagrams it’s very difficult to figure out which object is responsible for which activities. This problem is solved by ‘Swimlanes’. Consider the below figure ‘Without Swimlanes’. The whole activity diagram looks very complex and it’s very difficult to figure out which object is responsible for which activity.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Without Swimlanes


Now see the below figure ‘With Swimlanes’ we have partitioned the activity to the respective objects like Customer, Stock, Order processing, Payment and Invoice. These partitions are termed as ‘Swimlanes’ , so if you feel that the activity diagram is complex think about using ‘Swimlanes’ it can really make your activity diagram readable.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - With Swimlanes

 


(I) What is state chart diagram?


State Chart Diagram

State diagram depicts different states that an object goes through during their life cycle. State diagram depicts how an object responds to events. We think state diagrams as optional and should be used if your project has scenarios where the object goes through lot of complicated states and transitions. If your project does not have such kind of scenarios then sequence, collaboration or activity would be sufficient to meet your needs. So all objects have states and an object moves from one state to other state when there is some event or transition.

There are three important things when we consider state of an object event, guard and action. Let’s first define these three things: - .

Action: - Action triggers an object state from one state to another.

Event: - Event triggers the action.

Guard: - Guard is condition on which it evaluates which action to be triggered.

These three things are principle component of state chart diagrams. Below figure ‘Types of event and action’ shows how they are represented in state chart diagrams.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Types of Event and Action

 


There are three ways by which we can represent the same.

Type 1:- This methodology of writing is used when we need to map an event with action using a guard. For instance in the above figure ‘Types of Event and Action’ shows the event à mouse click, guard à double click and the resulting action à open folder.

Type 2:- The guard is optional. For instance sometimes we only have events and actions, i.e. with out the guard. For instance when the even ‘On’ happens the action is that ‘Light Bulb is on’.

Type 3:- This type of representation shows an infinite loop for an action. For instance the ‘Watch will be running’ infinitely during a state, as shown in figure ‘Type of Event and Action’.

Now that we know how to write event, actions and guard, let’s see how state diagram looks like. Below figure ‘State example’ shows how a state looks like. It’s an oval rectangle as shown below. In order to show a transition we need to show an arrow from one state to other state as shown in figure ‘State example’.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - State example


Below figure ‘Sample state chart’ shows a simple state chart diagram. Some points which are immediately visible from the diagrams are as follows:-

• A dark black arrow indicates start of a state chart diagram.
• A dark circle with a white circle outside indicates end of a state chart diagram.
• Circular rectangle indicates state while arrows indicate events / transitions.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Sample state chart


State is represented as shown in figure ‘Basic element of state diagram’. It’s a simple rectangle which is rounded. In the top section we give the state name. The below section is optional which has ‘do/action’. It represents a long running activity when the object goes through this state.

 

 

(I) Can you explain stereotypes in UML?


Stereotypes are a way to define variations on existing UML model. This variation is brought in to place to extend UML in a consistent manner. They are displayed in double less than and double greater than sign with a simple text as shown below. The below figure shows at the left hand side a class diagram with out stereo types while the right hand side shows with stereo types. You can easily make out how the class diagram is readable with stereo types. For instance the ‘Customer()’ can be mistaken for a method but we have clarified that it’s a constructor by using stereo types.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Stereotypes


Below are some of the commonly used stereo types while writing UML.

<<Application>>:- Used to represent a UI system in a application.
<<Database>> :- represents a database in a application.
<<Table>> :- A table with in database.
<<Library>> :- A reusable library or function.
<<File>> :- Physical file on a folder.
<<Executable>> :- A software component which can be executed.
<<Web services>> :- Represents a web service.
<<JDBC>> :- Java database connectivity , a JAVA API to connect to database.
<<ODBC>> :- Open database connectivity , a Microsoft API to connect to database.


(I) Can you explain package diagrams?


Packages are like folders in a system which allows you to logically group UML diagrams. They make complex UML diagram readable. In actual projects they are used to logically group use cases and classes. So we can say there are two types of package diagrams one is class package diagram and other is use case package diagram. Package diagram depict a high level of overview for class and use cases.

Class package diagram: - Class package diagram are used to logical group classes. You can think that package technically map to ‘Package’ in JAVA and ‘Namespaces’ in C# and VB.NET. Packages are denoted by small rectangle on a big rectangle as shown in figure ‘Package diagram’. One of the points to be noted is the stereotypes. We have numbered the figure so that we can understand it better.

1 – We are using the MVC (Model View controller) framework. So we have denoted this package using the << Framework >> stereo type. Refer the commonly used stereo type table discussed in the previous sections.

2 and 3 – ‘Book tickets’ is the second package which inherits from the MVC model. The stereo type is ‘<<application>>’ which means it’s a user interface.

4 – A simple line shows a link between two classes stating that one class package uses the other class package.

5 – This package is collection of the booking engine library.

6 – The final package is the database.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Package diagram


As said before packages are nothing but collection of logical classes or any UML entity. We have shown the detail of the above package diagram. We should restrict from using package diagram for showing the in depth architecture as it can become very complicated. For instance the below diagram ‘Detail Package diagram’ shows how complicated it can look if use the package diagram to show in depth architecture. To avoid complication its good to only draw an over all diagram as shown in ‘Package diagram’.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Detail Package diagram


Use case package diagram: - The way we have logically grouped classes we can also use the package diagram to logically group use cases. Below figure shows how a use case package diagram looks like.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Use Case Package


(B) Can you explain component diagrams?


Component diagrams achieve the same objective like package diagrams. They show the dependencies among software components. Below figure ‘Component diagram’ shows a sample component diagram for simple data entry application which uses a web service to interact with the database. We have numbered the steps to understand the details of the component diagram.

1 – Two rectangles are shown to represent a component of a system.

2 – Stereo types are used to denote what kind of system it represents.
3 – A line with a circle denotes an interface by which the external world can interact with the component. For instance in the figure we have represented a ‘Customer Web service’ which can is interacted by using XML.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Component Diagram

 


(B) Can you explain deployment diagrams?


Deployment diagrams represents an overall static view of how software and hardware nodes in the application. They show what the hardware is and which components are installed on which hardware. In deployment diagram we represent the hardware with a solid box and simple underlined text description showing which hardware is it. You can have more than one component on a single hardware. So the browser is an application UI which resides on the workstation computer and the database and web server resides on the web server hardware. Deployment diagram can be more complex with firewalls, payment gateways, PDA devices, VPN etc.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - Deployment diagram

(I) Can you explain how UML flows in actual project?


In actual projects we do not draw all the diagrams. Every UML diagram is made for a purpose. It completely depends on what’s the nature of the project. In short you should ask yourself questions like, is this diagram important, what’s my need etc. So below is a flow which you can follow in your project, again as we said it depends on what kind of scenario you want to depict.

 

 

 

 

Figure: - UML flow in actual projects

 


• The first step is to derive use cases from the requirement documents.
• Once use cases are derived we need to decide the messages which will flow in the system. This can be done using interaction diagrams. If you need to know the object creation life times we use the sequence diagram and if we want to concentrate on the messages we use the collaboration diagrams. So depending on scenario we need to make a choice which diagram we need to draw.
• Now that we are clear about messages we can draw class diagrams to depict the static part of the project i.e. classes.
• If we find any complicated class relationships we draw object diagrams.
• If we need to depict any complicated code we need to represent same with a activity diagram.
• Finally to give an overview of the project we can use package diagram, component or deployment diagram. As said before we can use combination of component and deployment diagram to give a overview of the architecture.



Note: - Never say in a interview that we have used all UML diagrams in the technical document. It can give a very bad impression. As said every UML diagram is drawn according to the scenario of the project.

 


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.NET interview questions 6th edition (Sixth edition) - By Shivprasad Koirala

.NET interview questions with answers: – Can we use events without delegates ?

.Net Interview question Edition 6 is available now.

.NET interview questions with answers: – What’s the difference between catch with parameter and catch without parameter?

.NET interview questions : - What is the use and difference between “IS” and “AS” keyword?

.NET interview questions with answers: - Build solution VS Rebuild solution VS Clean solution

HTML 5 interview questions with answers for LocalStorage and SessionStorage

.NET 4.0 interview questions with answers: – What are code contracts?

What are portable class libraries? ( .NET interview questions with answers)

How to loop through ENUM using C# (.NET interview questions with answers)?

What are transactions in C#? (.NET interview questions with answers)

What are ACID Properties( .NET Interview questions with answers)?

.NET interview questions: – What are the areas that need to be concentrated for senior(9+ years experience)persons in .NET technologies?

.NET interview questions: - Explain real time scenarios in Factory Pattern, Abstract Pattern, Singleton, WCF and REST services

What is the difference between IS A and Can a Relationship?( .NET Interview questions with answers)

What is the use of ENUM Flags(.NET Enum Interview question 2)?

What is the difference between .Net,C#, Asp.net, Asp.net Web Forms and Asp.net MVC and MVC?( C# and ASP.NET Interview questions)

ADO.NET interview questions: - Explain in detail the fundamental of connection pooling?

.NET interview questions: – Can you explain generics in .NET?

What are Properties and methods ? ( .NET OOP Interview questions with answers)

What’s the first step you take for implementing any of Design Pattern?( .NET  Design pattern interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What are different types of JIT?

ADO.NET Interview Question: - What are the major differences between classic ADO and ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: – What is the difference between Reflection and Dynamic?

What is the Use of interfaces?( .NET Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What role did you play in your project and company?

Visual studio 2012 Fakes

.NET interview questions: - So how can we clean unmanaged objects and also maintain performance?

ADO.NET Interview Questions: - What are basic methods of Data adapter?

.NET interview questions: - What are system level exceptions and application level exceptions?

.NET interview questions: - What is UML and which are the important diagrams?

.NET interview questions: - What is time out support in regex (regular expression)?

.NET interview questions: - How can we improve performance of .NET?

.NET interview questions: - Can you explain the concept of “Short Circuiting”?

.NET interview questions: - Can you explain Forms authentication in detail?

What is the difference between VAR and Dynamic keyword? ( .NET Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - What are similarities and difference between Class and structure?

Can you compare String.IsNullOrEmpty vs String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace ? ( .Net Interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - Distinguish between Reflection and Dynamic?

.NET interview questions: - In which scenarios we can use serialization and when to use what binary serialization or XML serialization?

.NET interview questions: - Are there any readymade objects in .NET by which we can implement Lazy loading?

.NET interview questions: - What are different access modifiers?

ADO.NET interview questions: - Explain in detail the fundamental of connection pooling how to enable and disable connection pooling?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What is the namespace in which .NET has the data functionality class?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What are the different components in ADO.NET?

ADO.NET interview questions: - Show difference between “Optimistic” and “Pessimistic” locking and how many ways are there to implement optimistic locking in ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: - Does code contract only do dynamic checks?

ADO.NET interview questions: - How can we fire a simple SQL Statement using ADO.NET?

.NET interview questions: - What basic steps are needed to display a simple report in crystal?

ADO.NET interview questions: - What are basic methods of Data adapter and mention the use of data adapter?

.NET interview questions: - What is UML? How many types of diagrams are there in UML?

.Net Interview Questions - What is MVC, MVP and MVVM pattern?

.NET interview questions: - How can you define a property read only for external world and writable in the same assembly?

Explain the implicit and explicit conversion of data types with examples?( .NET interview questions on data type)

.NET interview questions: - What is Reflection its implementation and practical uses?

What is downcasting and upcasting? (.NET interview questions with answers)

.NET interview questions: - How to decide on the design consideration to take a Data grid, data list or repeater?

.NET interview questions: - If we want to update interface with new methods, what is the best practice?

.NET interview questions: - How does selection sort algorithm works?

XML(.NET) interview questions: - What is XML?

.NET Interview questions: - If a validation is very complex what will you do?

.NET interview questions: - How can we stop the class from further inheriting?

XML (.NET) Interview questions :- Explain simple Walk through of XmlReader.

.NET interview questions : - How can we improve performance of .NET and show the difference between .NET 1.X, 2.0, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0?

How to convert string to ENUM value ?( .NET interview questions with answers)

.NET architecture interview questions series: - What is mean by modeling language?

.NET architecture interview questions : - What are benefits and Limitation of using Viewstate, hidden frames and Cookies?

.NET interview questions: - What is GAC (Global Assembly Cache)?

.NET interview questions: - Explain Nuget?

.NET Testing interview questions: - What is the difference between Unit testing, Assembly testing and Regression testing?


.NET interview questions: - What is Code Access Security (CAS) and how does it work? Is CAS supported in .NET 4.0?


.NET interview questions: - What are the advantages /disadvantages of lazy loading?


.NET interview questions: - What is the use of DEBUG directive?


.NET testing interview questions: - What is Mock testing and how to implement it?


.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between DEBUG and Release?


.NET testing interview questions: - How can we UNIT test private methods using VSTS? Is it good to practice to UNIT test Private methods?


Explain 3 layer architecture ( .NET Interview questions)?


.NET interview questions : - What is a delegate and how can we create a delegate? What is a multicast delegate?


ADO.NET interview questions: - How to add/remove row is in “Data Table” object of “Dataset”? How to load multiple tables in a Dataset & adding relation between tables in a Dataset?


What is the difference between Array, ArrayList and List?( .Net Interview questions)

.NET interview questions: - How to implement DTC in .NET?
.NET interview questions: - What is an Interface and what are abstract classes

.NET interview questions: - Interface vs. abstract class

.NET interview questions: - How to implement practically Lazy loading in .NET?


.NET interview questions: - How can we handle exceptions in .NET? What if we do not catch the exception?

.NET interview questions based on Projects.


.NET interview questions: - What is shadowing? What is the difference between Shadowing and Overriding?

.NET interview questions: - All about Design Patterns in .NET


.NET interview questions: - How can we improve performance of .NET/ASP.NET/SQL Server?

.NET interview questions: - What benefits does sealed keyword provide?


.NET Architecture UML interview question


.NET interview questions: - How to maintain performance and can clean unmanaged objects?


.NET interview questions: - Explain ENUM and its benefits? What is the use of Flagsin ENUM?

.NET interview questions: - How to create a windows service using .NET?

.NET interview questions: - Explain in details about Indexer and can we have static indexer in C#?

.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between arraylist and list? Are Arraylist faster or Arrays?

.NET interview questions: - What is Native Image Generator (Ngen.exe)? Does NGEN.EXE always improve performance?

.NET OOPS interview questions: - What is OOP? What are different properties provided by Object-oriented systems?

.NET OOPS interview questions: - How abstract with only abstract method is it different from interfaces? Also mention best practice to update interface with new methods?

.NET interview questions: - What is the difference between delegate and events? Can we have return type, access modifiers and shared events?

.NET interview questions: - What is Manifest? Where is the version information stored of an assembly? Is versioning applicable to private assemblies?

.NET Generics interview questions: - Explain Generics and concept of Generic Collection in .NET?

How to learn .NET: - In parent-child relationship which constructor will fire first and in which instances you will declare a constructor private?

Basics of .NET and learning tutorials on CTS and CLS


Online resource to learn .NET on Reflection and Dynamic

Online guide to learn .NET for Object initializer in C#?

QuestPond for Freshers on IL code, JIT, CLR, CTS, CLS and CAS

QuestPond: Interview Questions and Answers on AJAX and how does it help?



ASP.NET Interview Questions & Answers Article










MVC Interview Questions And Answers Article

 

(MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER)MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS VIDEO: – WHAT IS WEB API HOW TO IMPLEMENT THE SAME?

 

ASP.NET MVC  4 INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS: - WHAT IS BUNDLING AND MINIFICATION IN MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER ?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- IS IT POSSIBLE TO RETURN VALUES INSTEAD OF ACTIONRESULTS?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS :- WHAT ARE THE ACTIONRESULTS AVAILABLE IN MVC?

 

MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS:-HTML.PARTIALVSHTML.RENDERPARTIALVSHTML.RENDERPAGE IN MVC

MVC VS ASP.NET ( MVC INTERVIEW QUESTION WITH ANSWERS )?

 

HOW CAN WE DETECT THAT A MVC CONTROLLER IS CALLED BY POST OR GET ? ( ASP.NET MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT WAYS BY WHICH YOU WILL GET FORM DATA IN CONTROLLER? ( MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRESENTER AND CONTROLLER IN MVC?(MVC INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)

 

LEARN MVC (MODEL VIEW CONTROLLER) STEP BY STEP IN 7 DAYS – DAY 4

 

MVC Interview questions and answers PDF

 

MVC interview questions with answers

 

ActionResult vs. View() vs. ViewResult :- MVC interview questions with answers

Explain Areas in MVC?( MVC interview questions with answers)

 

Can you explain the purpose of ViewModel in MVC?( ASP.NET MVC Interview questions with answers)

ASP.NET MVC interview questions: - What are Filters in MVC?

What are areas in MVC?( MVC Interview questions with answers)

Explain the concept of View Model in MVC? 

Exception Handling in MVC

Explain MVC application life cycle?

100 MVC Interview question PDF download released , Enjoy

How can we use two (multiple) models with a single view?(MVC Interview questions)

MVC HTML.Form vs Ajax.Form – MVC interview questions with answers

Learn Microsoft Business intelligence step by step – Day 1

Can you create TempBag just like ViewBag?( MVC Interview questions)

MVC Unit Testing Unleashed

MVC and .NET learning tutorials for components of MVC and how do you perform unit testing in MVC?

Explain MVC model binders ? ( ASP.NET MVC interview questions)

Explain the difference between layout and master pages ? (MVC Razor interview questions) 


ENTITY FRAMEWORK INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ARTICLE


Windows Workflow Foundation(WWF) interview questions with answers Article

XML Interview Questions With Answers Article


Explain XML,DTD and XSL?(XML interview questions with answers)

HTML 5 Interview questions With Answers Article

HTML 5 interview questions with answers for LocalStorage and SessionStorage

 

How is the page structure of HTML 5 different from HTML 4?( HTML 5 Interview questions with answers)

 

What is datalist in HTML 5 ( ASP.NET HTML interview questions)?

 

What are the different new form element types in HTML 5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

What is output element in HTML 5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

 

What is the difference between Canvas and SVG graphics?(ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions on SVG and Canvas

ASP.NET HTML5 interview questions with answers

What are web workers and why do we need them ?( ASP.NET HTML interview questions with answers)

 

Why do we need HTML 5 server-sent events? (ASP.NET HTML interview questions)

How can we add and remove data from local storage?(ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is local storage concept in HTML 5? ( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is the difference between local storage and cookies? ( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions)

What is WebSQL?( ASP.Net HTML 5 interview questions)

 

What is session storage and how can you create one?( ASP.Net HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

 

What is application cache in HTML5?( ASP.NET HTML 5 interview questions with answers)

ASP.NET HTML 5 Application cache interview questions with answers

 

Explain the term cascading in style sheet ? ( CSS Interview questions)

What is difference between DIV vs SPAN in HTML ?( ASP.Net Interview questions)

HTML 5 Canvas Interview questions: - Canvas in HTML 5.

QuestPond’s interview questions and answers on HTML 5

 

Learn HTML 5 in 3 days – Day 1

 

 

 

Dotnetspider Questions And Answers Article

 

 

What is downcasting and upcasting ? ( .NET interview questions with videos)

 

What is the difference between String vs string? ( C# interview questions) ?

 

 

JAVASCRIPT INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS ARTICLE

 


3 IMPORTANT JAVASCRIPT IMPORTANT INTERVIEW QUESTION WITH ANSWERS